Study of Bio-Jet Fuel Resources Potential Development as Alternative Sources of Air Fuel Supply in Indonesia

Nugroho Adi Sasongko, Asih Tri Marini, F. X. Chrisnanto

Abstract


Indonesia is an archipelagic country so that aviation becomes the preferred transportation sector as it is fast and efficient. However, aviation fuel needs continue to increase and on the other hand, Indonesia is still importing jet-fuel to meet the national needs. This study aims to asses some challenges of aviation fuel provision in Indonesia, identify potential natural resources as an alternative of bioavtur feedstock and perform cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of bioavtur production. The mixed method was used in this research using a sequential explanatory design. Some potential natural resources for bioavtur was identified, consisting of Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L., Euphorbiaceae), Kemiri Sunan (Aleurites trisperma blanco), Nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum Linn.), Coconut (Cocos nucifera), oil palm (Elaeis guineensis jacq.) and microalgae. The results show that from 6 natural resources, oil palm found as the most potential natural resources to be utilized as bioavtur feedstock. At least, 1,312 kL of bioavtur production capacity to meet the fuel blend of 5% in 2025 by 325 days operation time in a year. The financial analysis results indicate that NPV 19.23 Trillion Rupiah with IRR 26.04%; PBP 3.74 years after having revenue; and BCR 2.03 using the raw feed of CPO. By fulfilling the minimum national aviation-fuel requirement, the provision of aviation fuel for minimum essential force is expected to be met and support national energy security.

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